In a splendid monastery on the edge of the Syrian desert, in the stillness of an oasis, a Byzantine priest is bent over a sheet of parchment. The fragrance of jasmine comes in through the window with the breeze. His clear eyes, his mind, his spirit and his hands are concentrated and coordinated on the creative effort made in transcribing an ancient text. The tempo is that of the calm beat of his heart; he knows that it is also thanks to this coenobitic silence that the ancient culture will be passed on to future generations. The parchment sheets are then gathered together and will last for a very long time as they are not as fragile as those made of papyrus. He has learned from his Arab brothers that writing is not only conveyance of thought, but an art that speaks through symbols, as fascinating as those of the precious miniatures with which he embellishes his manuscript illustrating the tales and legends with figures, showing infinite patience in creating the watercolours, the glazing of the hues, the precision of the details. The exterior of his creation will also be sumptuous; the cover for the parchments will be decorated with precious stones, enamel and gold and lined with velvet. Such a splendid codex is destined to the emperor in Constantinople, the new Rome, so close in spirit and yet so far that it too seems to be a legend.
Along the path that leads to the discovery of humankind, the codex painted in miniature appears as a reference point that passes through history and unites the culture of all people.
In Egypt, as early as the 2nd century A.D., there was news of the use of the Caudex, or Codex, hence the code, a Latin word that means “log”, “trunk”, and, by extension, “wood”. In ancient times a layer of wax was placed on these tablets in order to write on them.
Thousands of years were to pass before books printed on paper were invented, but the codices of ancient people were their distant progenitor and for two good reasons. Because they opposed and eventually eliminated the other writing instrument of the times, the Volumen, or rolled-up papyrus, and because in turn the word ‘libro’ (book in Italian) derives from the Latin word Liber, which means “wood”, in particular the white wood that is the living part of the tree. Wood is therefore the original common denominator for codices and for books.
In the East, Liber is also one of the names used for Dionysus, a reference to his wisdom.
The codex slowly prevailed over the rolls of papyrus thanks to its practicality and became the favourite companion for humankind’s learning and tradition. Not only were the ancient holy texts passed down to the future through codices, but also great literary masterpieces such as those of Homer and Virgil. Their importance did not lie only in their calligraphy, hence “beautiful writing”, but also in that of the miniatures, small watercolour paintings that made them luxury objects and it is thus that there are codices decorated with velvet, precious stones, enamel and gold.
The greatest creativity is found in the Byzantine codices, extremely popular from the founding of Constantinople to its fall in the 15th century. In fact, directly or indirectly, the art of Byzantine codices influenced the culture of European ones, among which the French codices excel. In particular, both in their figures and decorations, the Byzantine miniatures are of a perfection and variety that bear witness to the technical expertise and the imagination of the artists.
At least until the 12th century, codices were illuminated by artist monks, but then collected with loving care also in imperial libraries. In fact, the emperors, starting with Charlemagne, used the codex for their civilising mission, not only for schools or for agriculture, but also law.
In their shared Byzantine origin, the European codices present stylistic differences; the Anglo-Saxon style is the most original, the German rougher, the French more decorative, the Spanish more calligraphic (perhaps due to Arab influence) while the Italian style is more inclined towards the classical.
In Italy, the Benedictine monks in Montecassino created one of the most important centres, under Byzantium’s total domination. Works such as The Miracles of St. Benedict (11th century) bear witness to the artistic importance of the codices written by those monks.
We are, however, aware that spiritual subjects were not the only ones addressed in codices. In a more profane framework, emperors such as Frederick II ordered the creation of a codex concerning falconry, and De arte venandi cum avibus inaugurated with splendour the tradition of manuals as real works of art.
The growing secularism led to the appearance of romance novels. The Roman de la Rose, from the 13th century, was in turn heir to the Greek rhetorical-sophist novels, and it is not just a story anticipating the creations of the Dolce Stil Novo and Boccaccio: with its splendid miniatures it is also an incredible and evocative review of charmed life in the Middle Ages and the Art of Gardens, clearly influenced by Persian gardens.
The hand of a human being tracing a beautiful letter as a work of art itself, the winged eye concentrated on the harmony of colours and shapes, the calm stillness of a Benedictine cell, the quiet beating of the clock of time that then still corresponded to that of the human heart, are all we should think of when wondering how this ancient world came to us. Artistic sensitivity, an everlasting thirst for knowledge and aspiring to spirituality were its driving force.
The tradition of illuminated codices, the loving care of the amanuenses, represent the humanity that is still in us today. Is there perhaps a separation between Art, Craftsmanship, Science and Technology? The answer lies in these codices. And every time, nowadays, a man devotes himself to the creation of a work of his genius, and creates it with his hands and his mind, the eternal spirit of the ancient amanuenses lives in him. In these times of technology, competing everyday with itself, it is up to us to acknowledge and protect this humanist genius that is the golden dust that allows our dreams and our lives to take flight.
Cucinelli S.p.a., as the owner of domain names including those at the
address http://www.brunellocucinelli.com or in the Brunello Cucinelli
S.p.a. (hereinafter, collectively the “Site”), uses the Site not only as
a means to inform users about products belonging to Brunello Cucinelli
S.p.a. but also as a tool for the collection of personal data.
Therefore, in accordance with the provisions established in the Personal
Data Protection Code, Brunello Cucinelli S.p.a., as Data Controller
(hereinafter the “Controller”), provides the following information
concerning the processing of personal data both of users who only
consult the Site (traffic data) and those who freely send their personal
data via email and/or by filling in specific forms in order to access
reserved sections within the Site or to receive the Controller's
newsletter or of those who send their personal data in relation to
specific requests addressed to Brunello Cucinelli S.p.A.
This information is provided solely for the Site and the activities
carried out by Brunello Cucinelli S.p.a, also through its data
processors, and does not apply to other websites which the user may be
able to consult via links and/or activities offered by third parties.
1. Types of data processed
1.1 Traffic data
The computer systems and processing programs required to run the Site, during their normal operation, log certain data whose acquisition is automatic and inevitable (whenever Internet protocols are used) and which may, in combination with other information, enable users to be identified. Such data will be used with the sole aim of obtaining statistical information regarding the use of the Site and to verify that it is operating correctly. If expressly requested, such data may be used by the Public Authority to determine responsibility in the case of computer crime against the Site and/or third parties, in compliance with the relevant procedures of the appropriate Authorities.
1.2. Data provided voluntarily by individual users
Personal information provided voluntarily by individual users via email, user interaction with the Site's features, requests for services offered by the Site, completion of specific forms to access reserved sections of the Site. The processing of these data will be mainly, but not exclusively, electronic within the law referred to the Legislative Decree no. 196/2003 (Privacy Act).
2. Processing methods and purposes
Data will be processed manually or with the aid of electronic tools for the following purposes: - operations management of Site navigation and relevant access data; - management of data and Site security; - statistical processing within the limits and at the conditions set forth in paragraph 5; - staff recruitment and selection within the CV section of the Site. The data so provided shall be solely used for selection purposes. Brunello Cucinelli S.p.a. does not collect through the Site data such as racial and ethnic origin, religious, philosophical or otherwise beliefs, political opinions, membership of parties, unions, associations or organizations of any nature such as, but not limited to, religious, philosophical, political or trade union membership and personal data relevant to identify health and sex life. According to the Privacy Act provisions, the collection of such data is subject to the user’s prior written consent. Therefore, please do not provide sensitive data, since it is not possible through the internet collect a written consent.
Furthermore, with the user's voluntary consent, the Controller may process information for the purpose of establishing individual or group profiles (user profiling) or for marketing purposes such as: notification, via newsletters, emails or text messages, of the Controller's products or of initiatives and events organized by Brunello Cucinelli S.p.a., or with which said subjects are involved, including invitations to aforementioned initiatives or events. The user has the possibility of opposing this last processing purpose at any time, and request to no longer receive promotional and commercial material or information.
3. Data storage
Personal data collected will be stored and processed via an electronic system managed by Brunello Cucinelli S.p.a.
4. Data communication
Data will be communicated to professionals, independent collaborators, service companies and/or third party companies that co-operate with the Controller for the pursuit of the aforementioned purposes. With the user's explicit consent, data may be transferred outside of Italian territory to other companies that may be located in non-EU countries. In any event, whenever personal data is transferred to a country outside the EU, the principles set out in the Personal Data Protection Code will be applied together with any other law and regulation provisions applicable in this matter.
Subjects who receive the user's personal data may process it as Data Controller, Data Processor and/or Persons in Charge of Processing according to circumstance. The complete updated list of the Data Processors is available upon request to Brunello Cucinelli S.p.a. In no circumstance the data will be subject to diffusion.
5. Automatic data collection tools
The Site uses session cookies and permanent cookies. Session cookies are temporary and are eliminated automatically after every visit to the Site. “Permanent” cookies remain on the user's hard disk until they are removed. Cookies are used to enable full use of the Site and to track visits to the various pages/sections of the Site. Cookies are not and will not be used to obtain personal data or information relating to the user's navigation of other sites. The information collected through cookies will be used purely for statistical purposes. The user can disable cookies at any time by selecting the appropriate setting in the web browser, though this may hamper some functions of, or the possibility to interact with, the Site. The Site uses Google Analytics, a web analytics service provided by Google, Inc. ("Google"). Google Analytics uses such cookies in order to help us analyze anonymously how visitors use the Site. The information generated by the cookies about your use of the Site (including your IP address) will be transmitted to and stored by Google on its servers, becoming accessible to webmasters through Google Analytics services. Webmasters will use the Google Analytics services only for the purpose of monitoring the traffic on the Site, tracking your activities, with the exclusion of your personal information and your identification data; such procedure does not affect any potential advertising and promotional content shown during your browsing activities.
Google guarantees that your IP address will by no means be associated with other data of Google Inc., nor with the identity of the users of the devices which are used to browse the internet. Google may also transfer this information to third parties where required to do so by law, or where such third parties process the information on Google's behalf.
By using this website, you grant your consent to the processing of your data collected by Google in the aforementioned manner and for the aforementioned purpose. For further information, please take a look at Google’s terms of service: http://www.google.com/analytics/terms/us.html and Google’s Data Protection Policy: http://www.google.com/intl/en/policies/privacy/.
6. Data submission
With the exception of traffic data (which is collected automatically by the system) the submission of data by the user is necessary to subscribe to the Site and to access the services and features offered by the Site and the reserved areas. The non-submission of data will prevent the user from accessing and using said services and features. The submission of data for marketing purposes is always voluntary and optional. Any non-submission of data for such activities will have no consequence on the user's possibility to use the services and features offered by the Site.
7. Rights of the user
The user may exercise the rights laid down in Article 7 of the Personal Data Protection Code including, but not limited to, the right to obtain a copy of the processed data, their updating, modification, integration and, in certain cases, their cancellation or block. Requests for access to data pursuant to Article 7 of the Privacy Code may be sent to Brunello Cucinelli S.p.a., at Viale Parco dell’Industria, Corciano, Solomeo (Perugia), or by email to: email@example.com. Specifically, the user may at any time revoke his previously given consent to the distribution of promotional and informational material, including the newsletter. Art. 7 Legislative Decree No196, 30 June 2003 (Right to access personal data and other rights) 1. A data subject shall have the right to obtain confirmation as to whether or not personal data concerning him exist, regard less of their being already recorded, and communication of such data in intelligible form. 2. Data subject shall have the right to be informed: a) of the source of the personal data; b) of the purposes and methods of the processing; c) of the logic applied to the processing, if the latter is carried out with the help of electronic devices; d) of the identification data concerning data controller, data processors and the representative designated as per Section 5(2); e) of the entities or categories of entity to whom or which the personal data may be communicated and who or which may get to know said data in their capacity as designated representative(s) in the State’s territory, data processor(s) or person(s) in charge of the processing. 3. A data subject shall have the right to obtain: a) updating, rectification or, where interested there in, integration of the data; b) erasure, anonymization or blocking of data that have been processed un law fully, including data whose retention is unnecessary for the purposes for which they have been collected or subsequently processed; c) certification to the effect that the operations as per letters a) and b) have been notified, as also related to their contents, to the entities to whom or which the data were communicated or disseminated, unless this requirement proves impossible or involves a manifestly disproportionate effort compared with the right that is to be protected. 4. A data subject shall have the right to object, in whole or in part: a) on legitimate grounds, to the processing of personal data concerning him/her, even though they are relevant to the purpose of the collection; b) to the processing of personal data concerning him/her, where it is carried out for the purpose of sending advertising materials or direct selling or else for the performance of market or commercial communication surveys.
8. Data Controller
The data controller is Brunello Cucinelli S.p.a., with legal seat at Viale Parco dell’Industria, Corciano, Solomeo (Perugia). Any communication may be sent to the following email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Brunello Cucinelli S.p.A.
VAT Number IT-01886120540
Registered Office at Viale Parco dell’Industria, Corciano - Solomeo (PG)
Capital Stock of Euro 13,600,000 fully paid in
Registered in Perugia Trade and Companies Register No. 01886120540
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reserve the right to take action against the violator. Brunello
Cucinelli S.p.a. reserves the right to modify at any time the contents
of its site, without prior warning.
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For further information please contact Brunello Cucinelli S.p.a. at: email@example.com